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6 Common Types of Bicycle Accident Injuries

bicycle accident injuries

Bicycle accident injuries can have a lasting impact on a cyclist’s health and quality of life. Therefore, it’s important to be aware of the possible injuries that could result from such accidents. Knowing these may help cyclists to better prepare and take the appropriate safety measures.

Scrapes, Bruises, and Road Rash 

One of the most common types of bicycle accident injuries are scrapes, bruises, and road rash. When a cyclist falls or is thrown from their bike, their skin can come into contact with the rough surface of the road. This can lead to abrasions, cuts, and bruises. While these injuries are generally less severe, they can still cause pain, discomfort, and potential risk of infection if not properly treated. 

One way to avoid scrapes though (or lessen potential severity), is by wearing proper cycling gear. Knee pads, elbow pads, and even wrist pads can help protect extremities especially when riding a bicycle off-road. 

Fractures and Broken Bones 

Bicycle accidents can result in fractures and broken bones, especially when cyclists experience a significant impact or fall. In fractures, the most commonly affected areas are the:

  • Wrists
  • Arms
  • Collarbones
  • Hips

Fractures and broken bones require medical attention, sometimes involving casting, surgery, or rehabilitation. Recovery time can vary depending on the severity of the injury and the individual’s healing ability.

Head and Brain Injuries 

Head injuries are a major concern in bicycle accidents, which is why it is  important to wear a helmet. A cyclist’s head can sustain injuries ranging from minor concussions to severe traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). Even with a helmet though, head injuries can occur due to the force of impact. Severe head injuries can lead to:

  • Long-term complication
  • Cognitive impairments
  • Permanent disability
  • Fatality

Still, studies show that “…bicycle helmets reduce the risk of head injury by 60% and brain injury by 58%.” Therefore, even though helmet rules are not required in the majority of Arizona’s towns and cities, bicycle organizations still recommend that cyclists wear them. 

Spinal Cord Injuries 

Bicycle accidents can result in spinal cord injuries, which can have life-altering consequences. When the spine suffers trauma, it can lead to partial or complete paralysis, affecting motor and sensory functions. Spinal cord injuries require immediate medical attention and often necessitate long-term rehabilitation. In addition, the injured victims may require adaptive support to regain independence and cope with the challenges they face.

Soft Tissue Injuries 

Soft tissue injuries involve damage to muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other non-bony structures in the body. In bicycle accidents, soft tissue injuries commonly occur in the knees, shoulders, and wrists. These injuries can range from strains and sprains to more severe damage like tendon tears or ligament ruptures. Recovery typically involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgical intervention.

Bicycle Accident Internal Injuries 

In more severe bicycle accidents, internal injuries may occur. These injuries can affect organs such as the lungs, liver, spleen, or kidneys. However, these may not always be immediately apparent. That is why some accident victims may only realize the symptoms too late, often when they have gotten worse. Internal injuries require urgent medical attention to diagnose and treat them effectively.  If left untreated, such injuries can lead to complications and potentially life-threatening conditions.


Bicycle accident injuries can range from minor scrapes to severe and life-threatening conditions. Unfortunately, serious injuries can have lasting effects for the victims and those who care about them. Thus, cyclists must understand the different kinds of injuries that can happen during their ride. It helps to know the causes of these incidents and the need of getting legal counsel. Do not hesitate to speak with a bicycle accident injury lawyer if you’ve been in an accident that is not your fault. They can offer you the advice and representation that you need to pursue justice and obtain the compensation you deserve.

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